"THOMAS A. ROWLEY, Colonel of the One Hundred and Second regiment, and Brigadier- General, a native of Pittsburgh, was the son of John and Mary (Alger) Rowley. He received his education in the schools of that city, and during his early years was employed in a store as clerk. He joined a volunteer militia company in 1839, in which he continued to serve until the breaking out of the Mexican War, in 1847, when he was appointed by President Polk a Second Lieutenant in the regular army. He participated with honor in the battles of Vera Cruz, Jalapa, National Bridge, Cerro Gordo, and Mexico, and won the promotion to Captain. Upon his return he resigned his commission and resumed the practice of his profession. When hostilities opened in 1861, he again abandoned the toga for the trappings of war. He was active in recruiting first the Thirteenth, which he commanded during the ninety days of its service, and at its close the One Hundred and Second. At the battle of Fair Oaks, Colonel Rowley led his regiment to the support of Casey, hard pressed by the foe, and manfully contended against desperate assaults, holding his ground, and finally, when forced, retired in good order, firing as he went. In this battle he was severely wounded in the head. On the 29th of November, 1862, he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier-General, having performed most efficient service in the battles of Malvern Hill, Chantilly, and Antietam. He was in command of a brigade at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and the three days at Gettysburg. After leaving the army he resumed the practice of his profession. He at various periods held offices of trust, having been an Alderman, Clerk of the Courts of Allegheny county, and was Untied States Marshal for the Western district of Pennsylvania in 1865."
Follow these link for a discussion of the Battle of Gettysburg, a matching report to the Adjutant & Inspector General, and General Rowley's court marshall.
MARTIAL DEEDS OF PENNSYLVANIA pg 792
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Last revised: November 07, 2009